In Austria, cinemas would organise men-only theatre nights (called Herrenabende) at which adult films would be shown.
Johann Schwarzer formed his Saturn-Film production company which between 19 produced 52 erotic productions, each of which contained young local women fully nude, to be shown at those screenings.
However, various groups within society considered such depictions immoral, labelling them pornographic, and attempting to have them suppressed under obscenity laws, with varying degrees of success.
Such films continued to be produced but could only be distributed by underground channels.
The rise of the Internet in the late 1990s and early 2000s similarly changed the way pornographic films were distributed and furthermore, complicating the censorship regimes around the world and the legal prosecution of obscenity.
In 1911, Saturn was dissolved by the censorship authorities which destroyed all the films they could find, though some have since resurfaced from private collections.Perhaps in defiance and "to spice up a film", this was followed by many kiss imitators, including The Kiss in the Tunnel (1899) and The Kiss (1900).A tableau vivant style was used in short film The Birth of the Pearl (1901) The pose is in the style of Botticelli's The Birth of Venus.Today, pornographic films can be sold or rented on DVD, shown through Internet streaming and special channels and pay-per-view on cable and satellite, and in rapidly disappearing adult theaters.They are generally not permitted to be shown in mainstream cinemas or on free-to-air television.
was released as a short nickelodeon kinetoscope/film featuring a gyrating belly dancer named Fatima.